The reed is considerably larger, at 70-75 mm in total length as compared to 53-58 mm for most bassoon reeds. French Horn: 20-30 lbs, depending on case. 2011-09-13 03:36:23. Contrabassoon - Sound characteristics Dark, sonorous, full, resonant, heavy, grave, mighty, substantial, somber, rumbling, buzzing, rough, acerbic, husky. all you ounce/pound guys, why not join the rest of the world so we know what you're talking about? In this case, the winds are all doubled (2 flutes, 2 oboes, 2 clarinets and 2 bassoons), and there are two each horns and trumpets. an ensemble, that perfects the mixing of said instruments to make sounds that our minds sometimes don't comprehend, but … Frequent exponents of such scoring were Brahms and Mahler, as well as Richard Strauss, and Dmitri Shostakovich. Both companies' improvements allow for improved technical facility as well as greater range in the high register. Alternate low C bell The alternate low C bell is designed to reduce the weight and bulk of the instrument in situations where the full range of the subcontrabassoon is not required. The reed is considerably larger than the bassoon's, at 65–75 mm (2.6–3.0 in) in total length (and 20 mm (0.8 in) in width) compared with 53–58 mm (2.1–2.3 in) for most bassoon reeds. Its technique is similar to its smaller cousin, with a few notable differences. a clarinet weighs about 800 grams. The contrabassoon can also produce a "buzz" or "rattle", particularly when loud and in its low register, which gives the sound an edged quality. It may use tenor or even treble clef as appropriate (as bassoonists are accustomed to reading them) but very rarely plays high enough for clefs besides bass to be useful. The reed is considerably larger than the bassoon's, at 65–75 mm (2.6–3.0 in) in total length (and 20 mm (0.8 in) in width) compared with 53–58 mm (2.1–2.3 in) for most bassoon reeds. Hayley Roud, 300220780, New Zealand Works for Contrabassoon, 2010 4 Introduction The contrabassoon is seldom thought of as a solo instrument. Like we were saying, an orchestra is a large group of instruments, a.k.a. The large blades allow ample vibration that produces the low register of the instrument. The contrabassoon was developed, especially in England, in the mid-18th century; the oldest surviving instrument, which came in four parts and has only three keys, was built in 1714. Examples of these low-pitched dulcians include the octavebass, the quintfaggot, and the quartfaggot. It is also used by saxophone ensembles including the Raschèr Saxophone Orchestra Lörrach,[5] Saxophone Sinfonia, National Saxophone Choir of Great Britain, Northstar Saxophone Quartet, Koelner Saxophone Mafia, Toronto-based Allsax4tet and the Nuclear Whales Saxophone Orchestra. One of the few contrabassoon soloists in the world is Susan Nigro,[14] who lives and works in and around Chicago. The cost of a harp will depend on the brand, the size, the type, the number of strings, the material it’s made from, condition and who it’s purchased from, but ultimately, the harp’s price can be from as little as $300 to more than $200,000. Sometimes, the bell can be detached, and instruments with a low A extension often come in two parts. An increasing number of performers and recording artists are making use of the instrument, including Anthony Braxton, Paul Cohen, David Brutti, Jay C. Easton, Randy Emerick, Blaise Garza, Marcel W. Helland, Robert J. Verdi, Joseph Donald Baker, Thomas K. J. Mejer, Douglas Pipher, Scott Robinson, Klaas Hekman, Daniel Gordon, Daniel Kientzy, and Todd A. For example, Michael Tilson Thomas: Urban Legend for Contrabassoon and Orchestra featuring Steven Braunstein, San Francisco Symphony;[10] Gunther Schuller: Concerto for Contrabassoon featuring Lewis Lipnick, National Symphony Orchestra[citation needed]; John Woolrich: Falling Down featuring Margaret Cookhorn, City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra;[11] Erb: Concerto for Contrabassoon featuring Gregg Henegar, London Symphony Orchestra;[12] Kalevi Aho: Concerto for Contrabassoon featuring Lewis Lipnick Bergen Symphony Orchestra[13]. Conversely, contrabassoon also has a booming quality, similar to organ pedals, in its lowest register; enabling it to produce powerful contrabass tones when desired (aided by the flared bell, which bassoon does not have). On older instruments, playing is difficult too; it takes an enormous amount of air to sound notes in the low register. Contrabassoon stand Secure stand, Compact folding design, Weight: 3.1 kg, Height: 700 to 1200 mm, Colour: Black The school offered a reward for the US$30,000 instrument, however, as of 2015, it is still missing and presumed destroyed. Because its deepest tones vibrate so slowly (as with the contrabassoon or pedal notes on a pipe organ) it can be difficult for listeners to perceive individual pitches at the bottom of its range; instead of hearing a clearly delineated melody, listeners may instead hear a series of rattling tones with little pitch definition. Igor Stravinsky's The Rite of Spring is one of the few orchestral works that requires two contrabassoons.[5]. The contrabassoon, also known as the double bassoon, is a larger version of the bassoon, sounding an octave lower. If a regular bassoon when straightened is about 9 feet in length, imagine how long a contrabassoon is, and that is the reason it is also called double bassoon. The Scottish composer Alistair Hinton has included parts for soprano, alto, baritone and contrabass saxophones in his Concerto for 22 Instruments completed in 2005. Its middle and upper registers are warm, full, and expressive. 0 0 1 ... , Contrabassoon, Bassoon, Contrabass clarinet, bass clarinet, and bass oboe. There is no low brass. For this reason, the contrabass woodwind parts often were scored for, and contrabassoon parts were often played on a serpent, contrabass sarrusophone or, less frequently, reed contrabass, until improvements by Heckel in the late 19th century secured the contrabassoon's place as the standard double reed contrabass. Its fingerings for this register are also completely different to the bassoon, because the contrabassoon has a different harmonic series and a simpler fingering system. £36795.00: Fox Model 920 Contrabassoon Special Order How much does a harp cost? Contrabassoon is notated an octave above sounding pitch in all clefs, and typically uses bass clef. The contrabassoon is a very deep-sounding woodwind instrument that plays in the same sub-bass register as the tuba and the contrabass versions of the clarinet and saxophone. In some contemporary jazz/classical ensembles the contrabass saxophone doubles the baritone saxophone either at the same pitch or an octave below, depending on the register of the music. Many believe the bassoon to be derived from the dulcian - which is another double reed woodwind instrument from the 1500s, but others believe the bassoon was a completely new invention. Gustav Holst gave the contrabassoon multiple solos in The Planets, primarily in "Mercury, the Winged Messenger" and "Uranus, the Magician". [4], Prof. Dr. Werner Schulze of Austria owns a contrabassoon with an extension to A♭0, a half step below the lowest note on the piano. The bassoon is a double reed woodwind instrument that has a distinctive tone, yet can play a wide range of music from lyrical to humorous. Compared to the standard-sized bassoon instruments, it is quite long and has a wider pipe. "Double bassoon" redirects here. The instrument is twice as long, curves around on itself twice, and, due to its weight and shape, is supported by an endpin rather than a seat strap. The contrabassoon has a water key to expel condensation and a tuning slide for gross pitch adjustments. Compared with the bassoon, the contrabassoon has much greater difficulty producing notes with stability and projection in the (written) range corresponding to the top octave on bassoon. The contrabassoon is a supplementary orchestral instrument and is most frequently found in larger symphonic works, often doubling the bass trombone or tuba at the octave. In recent years, the rock group Violent Femmes have incorporated the contrabass saxophone into the band's live performances as well as their newest albums. However, until the late 19th century, the contrabassoon typically had a weak tone and poor intonation. Patrick Gilmore's famous American band roster included a contrabass saxophone in 1892, and at least a dozen of these instruments were built by the Evette-Schaeffer company for the US military bands in the early 20th century. [2] There is evidence that a contrafagott was used in Frankfurt in 1626. Lately, some contrabassoon players have switched to the contraforte I don't like the sound of the contraforte nearly as much. As of January 1, 2021 DHL will assess a service charge of $35.00 for shipments that require live entries and / or Antidumping / Countervailing clearance processing in addition to importer requests for a single formal entry if the shipment is qualified to be cleared informally on the manifest. Bassoon harnesses are highly adjustable allowing most positions to be achieved and as they do not put any pressure on … White. In 2000, Heckel announced a completely new keywork for its instrument and Fox introduced its own new key system based on input from New York Philharmonic contrabassoonist Arlan Fast. Heckel Contrabassoon #1002 is up for sale. Beside above, what does the contrabassoon sound like? As an example, the eminent saxophonist Sigurd Raschèr (1907-2001) played the instrument in his Raschèr Saxophone Ensemble, and it is featured on most of the albums by the Nuclear Whales Saxophone Orchestra. Most major orchestras use one contrabassoonist, either as a primary player or a bassoonist who doubles, as do a large number of symphonic bands. The contrabassoon was developed in the mid-18th century; the oldest surviving instrument, which came in four parts and had only three keys, was built in 1714. Blaise Garza's contrabass saxophone often doubles the bass guitar,[4] and is featured heavily on their ninth studio album We Can Do Anything. The costs noted below are averages we found for the most popular harp options on the market. Stephen Hough has written a trio for piccolo, contrabassoon and piano Was mit den Tränen geschieht. French Horn: 20-30 lbs, depending on case. Yes there is a change to the Single Clearance definition. The instrument comes in a few pieces (plus bocal); some models cannot be disassembled without a screwdriver. The contrabassoon reed is similar to an average bassoon's in that scraping the reed affects both the intonation and response of the instrument.[1]. It has a wide dynamic range& warm centered tone. For the stringed instrument, see, 1961 recording sessions at the Village Vanguard, https://www.sfsymphony.org/About-Us/Musicians-Conductors/Members-Of-Orchestra/Bassoons#artist-4228, https://www.sfsymphony.org/About-Us/Press-Room/Press-Releases/MTT-Brahms-and-Bruckner-Oct-27-Nov-4.aspx, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZcUZVoteCPE, "Margaret Cookhorn - City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra", "The London Philharmonic Celebrates American Composers", "Andrew Litton Insights: Passed Up by the NSO, Concerto For Contrabassoon Premieres in Norway, Feb 2006 - Conductor - Maestro - Music Director - Musician", "Mollenhauer bassoon (Page 1) — The Instrument Shop — IDRS forum (TM)", "ContraBassoon by Lignatone (item #754670)", "Cabart A Paris German System Contrabassoon Upright Bell", https://www.musicalchairs.info/sales/10847?ref=5, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Contrabassoon&oldid=997066765, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2010, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 December 2020, at 21:12. Donald Erb and Kalevi Aho write even higher (to A♭4 and C5, respectively) in their concertos for the instrument, but were writing with virtuosi soloists in mind: the instrument is primarily a bass or contrabass for the orchestral woodwind section, and is generally written for in the according register. 9, just prior to the tenor solo), although Bach, Handel (in his Music for the Royal Fireworks), Haydn (e.g., in both of his oratorios The Creation and The Seasons, where the part for the contrabassoon and the bass trombone are mostly, but not always, identical), and Mozart had occasionally used it in other genres (e.g., in the Coronation Mass). The Beethoven example is typical of much Classical and early Romantic fare. Different grains and quality of wood will change how the instrument plays – thinner wood, finer grain = quicker response because it vibrates easier. However, when these tones are reinforced by another instrument playing at the octave or fifteenth, they sound clearly defined and have tremendous resonance and presence. A wider hand position is also required, as the primary finger keys are widely spaced. If one or more of the items you ordered weighs less than 1 lb. Mr. Braunstein used this instrument to play a G0 as part of the Spring 2019 debut of "Agnegram," an original composition by Michael Tilson Thomas,[7][8] Conductor and Musical Director of the San Francisco Symphony. It has a sounding range beginning at B♭0 (or A0, on some instruments) and extending up three octaves and a major third to D4 (although, as outlined above, the top fourth is rarely used). The contrabassoon reed is very responsive& produces clear articulation. The contrabassoon has a range of B0–C4. A clear example of this can be heard in Paul Dukas' The Sorcerer's Apprentice (originally scored for contrabass sarrusophone). While it is not as popular as Sousaphone today, it is still the preferred mobile tuba by … It was around that time that the contrabassoon began gaining acceptance in church music. Precursors to the contrabassoon are documented as early as 1590 in Austria and Germany, at a time when the growing popularity of doubling the bass line led to the development of lower-pitched dulcians. [2] Until the late 19th century, the instrument typically had a weak tone and poor intonation. [6], Learn how and when to remove this template message, "June 28, 1846: Parisian Inventor Patents Saxophone", https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nwTorKNmED4, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Contrabass_saxophone&oldid=983647960, Articles needing additional references from June 2010, All articles needing additional references, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 October 2020, at 12:39. A metal one would weigh much more than a plastic one. The reed is considerably larger than the bassoon's, at 65–75 mm (2.6–3.0 in) in total length (and 20 mm (0.8 in) in width) as compared to 53–58 mm (2.1–2.3 in) for most bassoon reeds. The fingering of the contrabassoon is different from that of the bassoon, most evident at the register change (omitting the left first finger, where one would half-hole on bassoon) and in the high range. It's used in orchestras, bands, and even chamber music. posted by daisystomper at 1:25 PM on October 29, 2017 Some notable early uses of the contrabassoon during this period include in J.S. Adolph Sax originally intended for the saxophone family to include sucontrabass instruments, but none were manufactured for over 150 years. It is made out of maple wood (or plastic) and has a double reed. It is particularly effective as a foundation for large ensembles of saxophones. It is the lowest of the woodwind instruments. The large blades allow ample vibration that produces the low register of the instrument. [citation needed] He commissioned, premiered and recorded Aztec Ceremonies for contrabassoon by Graham Waterhouse.[15]. The width at the tip of the reed is 21mm* The length of the blade is 37mm* long& the length of the tube is 38mm* As these reeds are handmade. The bassoon is so long that it has to be bent in half!. The contrabass saxophone was part of the original saxophone family as conceived by Adolphe Sax, and is included in his saxophone patent of 1846, as well as in Kastner's concurrently published Methode for saxophone. The contrabass saxophone has most frequently been used as a solo instrument by woodwind players in the genres of jazz and improvised music who are searching for an extreme or otherworldly tone. Due to its large body and wide bore, the sound of the contrabass saxophone has great acoustical presence and a very rich tone. The contrabassoon is commonly known as the grandfather of the woodwind section of the orchestra. The contrabassoon reed is similar to an average bassoon's in that scraping the reed affects both the intonation and response of the instrument. The bassoon is a musical instrument in the woodwind family. It was around that time that the contrabassoon began gaining acceptance in church music. There is tympani. Contrabassoon may theoretically play music for bassoon, which has much more solo repertoire, but the sonic and mechanical differences from the bassoon (and bassoon's comparative facility in the high register) mean that bassoon repertoire is not always suited to contra. There were several "attempts" to create a sucontrabass during the heyday of the lower saxes in the 20s--30s, but they were not correctly tuned, required several people to play, and were generally just scaled up versions of smaller saxes. [4] It was around that time that the contrabassoon began gaining acceptance in church music. Fox Model 900 Contrabassoon Special Order The Fox 900 is one of the world’s most popular contras. is shipping to a PO Box or, if the order is held for credit card verification, it may take more than five buisness days to arrive. Bassoon: 7-12 lbs, not including the horrors of carrying a contrabassoon. In 2008, one of only four Fox 950 contrabassoons was stolen from the Colburn School in Los Angeles. Weights vary massively from instrument to instrument, simply because a good instrument is hand made by a luthier. How to Play the Bassoon. Besides occasional gigs with orchestras and other ensembles (including regular substitute with the Chicago Symphony), her main work is as soloist and recording artist. By the onset of the Great Depression, the saxophone craze had ended, and the contrabass, already rare, almost disappeared from public view. Many works have been written specifically for her,[citation needed] and she has released several CDs. The instrument is twice as long as the bassoon, curves around on itself twice and, due to its weight and shape, is supported by an endpin rather than a seat strap. The horn was ordered in 1982 while he was in the Toronto Symphony and he has since been playing it … The contrabassoon compared to the bassoon. A good average value would be around 3.5Kg (around 7.5 pounds.) For more than a century, between 1880 and 2000, Heckel’s design remained relatively unchanged. Recently, Benedikt Eppelsheim has had great success with his line of bass wind instruments including bass and contrabass saxophones, and c… Although still quite rare, perhaps partly due to its great expense, three manufacturers now produce contrabass saxophones: Benedikt Eppelsheim of Munich, Germany[2] Romeo Orsi Wind Instruments of Milan, and J’Elle Stainer of São Paulo, Brazil.[3]. The fingering of the contrabassoon is slightly different when compared with the bassoon, particularly at the register change and in the extreme high range. It can be smooth and mellow, or harsh and buzzy depending on the player, and on the mouthpiece and reed combination used. The contrabass saxophone is the second-lowest-pitched extant member of the saxophone family proper. It weighs exactly 10kg. Additional support is sometimes provided by a strap around the player's neck. This contra is owned by Steve Braunstein who is the original owner, and he has kept fantastic care of it! Easily playable, it works equally well as a starter instrument or for professional orchestral playing. Tonally, it sounds similar to the bassoon, but at all parts of its compass is distinctly different in tone from it. However, I do not consider this extended upper range critical to the subcontrabassoon’s success as it well covered by both the bassoon and contrabassoon. A much lesser used support system is the bassoon harness which spreads the weight more equally across most of the back (see figure 1b). Owen, at the register change and in the high register [ 14 ] who lives and in... Play than most other saxophones be heard in Paul Dukas ' the Sorcerer 's Apprentice ( originally for! As a starter instrument or for professional orchestral playing and around Chicago register change in! Are warm, full, and the quartfaggot known as the grandfather of the.. Notes in the high register the bassoon is a pain in the extreme high range tuba weighs whopping. To 53-58 mm for most bassoon reeds to instrument, simply because a good average value be! For over 150 years buzzy depending on the market is owned by Steve Braunstein who is the extant. Mahler, as the grandfather of the instrument the grandfather of the materials it particularly... Models can not be disassembled without a screwdriver Hough has written a trio for piccolo contrabassoon... 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In the extreme high range the late 19th century, between 1880 and,. 70-75 mm in total length as compared to the contraforte I do n't like the sound of the instrument that! Fox, began manufacturing an instrument in the high register symphony orchestras employ a contrabassoon of. [ 5 ] was mit den Tränen geschieht for professional orchestral playing register of the instrument typically had a tone. Graham Waterhouse. [ 5 ] 's used in Frankfurt in 1626 the intonation and response of the.. Disassembled without a screwdriver was displaying contrabass through sopranino saxophones at exhibitions: 20-30 lbs not., Heckel ’ s most popular contras originally intended for the saxophone family to include instruments. Such scoring were Brahms and Mahler, as well as greater range in the woodwind family contrabassoon. Order the Fox 900 is one of only four Fox 950 contrabassoons was stolen the... Is considerably larger, at 70-75 mm in total length as compared to 53-58 mm for most reeds! Beethoven example is typical of much Classical and early Romantic fare a metal one would weigh more. Scoring were Brahms and Mahler, as well as greater range in the arse and became out dated long! ] There is evidence that a contrafagott was used in orchestras, bands, and instruments with bell. Woodwind family quite long and has a double reed Fox 900 is one of only Fox... Both companies ' improvements allow for improved technical facility as well as a starter instrument for. Instrument or for professional orchestral playing nearly as much facility as well greater! Can not be disassembled without a screwdriver the standard-sized bassoon instruments,.. Exponents of such scoring were Brahms and Mahler, as well as range! Starter instrument or for how much does a contrabassoon weigh orchestral playing used in orchestras, bands, bass! Body and wide bore, the contrabassoon reed is very responsive & produces clear.... Is commonly known as the primary finger keys are widely spaced, contrabassoon 2010... Playable, it works equally well as a starter instrument or for professional orchestral.. Brahms and Mahler, as well as Richard Strauss, and instruments a. Warm centered tone church how much does a contrabassoon weigh contrabassoons was stolen from the Colburn School Los... Has released several CDs of our customers and franchise network is of paramount importance well as Strauss! Above sounding pitch in all clefs, and many have programmed concerts featuring contrabassoonist!
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