Muslim Population in Punjab is 5.35 Lakhs (1.93 percent) of total 2.77 Crore. [7] They primarily work in nursing, teaching, cleaning or in clerical jobs. In 1858, the Punjab, along with the rest of British India, came under the direct rule of the British crown. [7], In Gilgit-Baltistan, Christians from Punjab are present across all of the ten districts, and are involved in janitorial work in both the public and private sectors. poems of Shaik Farid. ... and Punjab, where Hindus make up 37 percent. The cities of Faisalabad, Sialkot and Sheikhupura are home to sizable communities. sants preachers who go from village to village or from one religious event to [7], In Sindh, there have been Punjabi Christians settled for several decades; they include farmers, landowners, agricultural workers and other labourers engaged in blue collar work in the rural countryside, with Catholic villages existing in Hyderabad, Nawabshah, Sanghar and Mirpur Khas. The culture of Punjab is very diverse it encompasses the cuisines, traditions, values, science, and history of the Punjabi people. Muslim and 2 percent Christian, with small numbers of others. Tomb of Jahangir and Badshahi Mosque in Lahore are the most significant attractions in Pakistan. [17] The earliest Christian scriptures which were published by British missionaries in the Punjab included those written in Roman Urdu. Sikhism is the principal religion in Punjab, which is about 58% of the population. The above map shows the distribution of population on the basis of religion in a great detail. On the night of Diwali, in October/November, all buildings and distribution across different districts of Punjab. Hindus forms the second largest community with 34% population. In 2011 there were total 385994 families residing in Firozpur district. Hindus make up the largest minority, but there also is a significant population of Muslims. jyotshi Guru Nanak (1469-1539) and Guru Arjun Dev (1563-1606). Religion News Service Religion News Service (RNS) Sikhism is the world’s fifth-largest religion, a monotheistic faith founded in the Punjab region of India about 500 years ago. [7], A group of Punjabi Christian villagers (2006), All India Conference of Indian Christians, Malankara Jacobite Syrian Orthodox Church, "Christians seek political voice in India's Punjab state", "Were Pakistan's Deadly Gojra Riots Enough to Provoke Change? In the total population of 277 lakhs, 107 lakh are Hindus and 160 lakh Sikhs. [7] The districts forming the erstwhile tribal areas along the Afghan frontier have been home to thousands of Christians since the early 20th century; according to the 1998 census, there were 1,500 Christians in South Waziristan, 2,000 in North Waziristan, 500 in Bajaur, 700 in Mohmand and 1,500 in Khyber District, all of whose ancestors migrated from Punjab. the young woman's parents or in-laws; and in March (in Punjab a [5], There are an estimated three million Christians living in the Pakistani province of Punjab, comprising 75 percent of the Christian population in Pakistan. We see a declining Hindu population in Punjab as we move from the 1880s to 1940s. About 66% of the Population in Punjab lives in rural areas. meet the obligations of this world more than as a gateway to another. Rural Punjabis of all religions share many ceremonies considered As of the 1981 census, the population of Indian Punjab reported itself the house of their parents; in the fall harvest season [11] Ninety-five percent of Punjabi Christians are converts to Christianity from Hinduism, accepting their new faith during the British Raj in colonial India. The Punjabi language written in the Gurmukhi script is the official language of the state. It also shows the 34 princely states of Punjab. Each religion has its own taxonomy of practitioners, and in addition Population, Religion, Caste, Literacy, Sex ratio data of Firozpur District as per Census 2011 diwas and dance. Andhra Evangelical Lutheran, Assemblies Jehovah Shammah, Christian Revival Church, Church of North India, Church of South India, Garo Baptist, Indian Brethren, Indian Pentecostal Church of God, Church of God (Full Gospel), North Bank Baptist Christian, Northern Evangelical Lutheran, Methodist Church, Presbyterian, The Pentecostal Mission, Seventh-day Adventist, United Evangelical Lutheran, As of 1981, Lahore was the city with the largest Christian population in Pakistan, numbering over 200,000. would be a Brahman who professed some kind of ability to foretell the Punjab is the land where a number of religions exist in perfect harmony with each other. Punjab has generated distinctive forms of virtually all the arts, from T he ongoing farmers’ protest against the Narendra Modi government’s new agricultural laws isn’t just a battle to secure a legal guarantee for minimum support price, or seek repeal of the three legislations. Most of the world’s 25 million Sikhs live in India, but more than 500,000 make the U.S. their home. The Religious data of 2017 Census has not been released. But the latest data shows that of the 2,77,43,338 total population, 1,60,04,754 are Sikhs. Punjabi is the sole official language of Punjab and is spoken by the majority of the population numbering around 24,919,067 constituting (89.82%) of the population as of 2011 census report. In Punjab being the land of different ancient religions; you will find people from different religious backgrounds. curing diseases. Literature, the most famous and prominent forms are romantic epic poems. [2], From the mid-19th to early 20th centuries, a number of Christian texts were translated and made widely available in the Punjabi language, such as the New Testament, the Gospel, and texts relating to Jesus. The percentage of Sikh population in Punjab is 57.69% of the total population of the state. (marijuana). [1][6][7] They are the second largest religious community in the province, forming approximately 1.5 to 2.8 percent of its population. [35][36] The primary motives for emigration include economic reasons, higher education, the desire to join relatives already settled abroad, theological training, or to escape religious discrimination/persecution. Note that Muslims were in majority in just two states, ie. Punjabi (Punjabi people) is an ethnic group which originated from the Punjab region. and Religion Sikhism and Hinduism are the predominant faiths in Punjab, adhered by around … who obtain reputations for holiness and may attract supporters for Punjabi Christians are ethnic Punjabis who are followers of Christianity.They are one of the four main ethnoreligious communities of the historical Punjab region, the others being the Punjabi Muslims, Punjabi Sikhs and Punjabi Hindus. The Indian state of Punjab is 60% Sikh and 37% Hindu. Funeral practices vary according to religion. Religion Data of Ludhiana district of Punjab state for Census 2011. bhang is celebrated by mothers and their young children in the house of the [20], As a result of living close to Punjabis of other faiths for generations, there have been notable cross-cultural influences; the Urdu language for instance, partly due to its evolution under Muslim presence in Punjab and otherwise due to its official adoption by the British Raj later on,[21] features heavily in the theology and literature of Punjabi Christians. Most of the specific ceremonies associated Its culture is supposed to be one of the oldest and richest cultures in the world. the round of the seasons. The Punjabi language written in the Gurmukhi script is the official language of the state. [4] They are largely descendants of Hindu converts to Christianity who accepted their new faith during the British Raj in colonial India. of the Sikh Gurdwaras, which blend Mogul and Rajput elements. of these traditions are generally austere, individualistic, and and an active film industry that relies heavily on melodrama, folksong, Note that Muslims were in majority in just two states, ie. bhangra, Punjabi. Prior to the presence of Islam and later birth of Sikhism, Hinduism was the basic religion followed by the Punjabi people. Firozpur district of Punjab has total population of 2029074 as per the Census 2011. The data for 2019 & 2020 is under process and will be updated in few weeks. Buddhists, Jains, and others. A occasion for distributing sweets. Religion is viewed as a source of strength and inspiration to Christian Population in Punjab is … [23][2] At just over one percent of Punjab's population, their main population centres include the Gurdaspur, Amritsar, Firozpur, Jalandhar and Ludhiana districts. And there are storytellers, poets, singers, and the evening to collect sweets from houses where boys have been born in [4] Like their ethnic kinsmen of other faiths, the Punjabi Christians are divided into various castes. [7] In Balochistan, the majority of the province's 80,000 to 100,000 Christians are Punjabis. Religious demography of Punjab : 1881 to 1941 is celebrated as the rains begin by young girls and their brothers in [7] Peter C. Phan states that these chuhras form the vast majority of Pakistani Christians. ceremony called "Tails" (meaning cattle), when men go in Among the Indian Punjabi's 60% of the population related to Sikhism and 38% related to Hinduism. there are many kinds of folk or customary practitioners. Muslims form slight majority in the Malerkotla town and use Shahmukhi for communication purpose. [27][7] The metropolis of Karachi is home to the largest population, with over 20,000 Punjabi Christians living in the neighbourhood of Essa Nagri alone. Sikhism or Sikh Religion forms the majority of population in state of Punjab. their wives work as midwives. Death and Afterlife. Complete Data of towns … [5] By 1870, there were only a few thousand Christians in the Punjab Province of colonial India; the 1880s saw the growth of the Presbyterian Church from 660 to 10,615 baptized Christians. tij is a barber. The Punjabi Christians in Chandigarh often bear the surname Masih. Arts villages. In all Sikh form majority religion in 16 out of 20 districts of Punjab state. In architecture, the most distinctive major form is that They are one of the four main ethnoreligious communities of the historical Punjab region, the others being the Punjabi Muslims, Punjabi Sikhs and Punjabi Hindus. The literacy rate in Punjab is 75%, with male literacy at 80.23% and female literacy at 68.36%. [1][10] In the Indian state of Punjab, the population of Punjabi Christians is roughly 350,000, forming 1.26 percent of its population according to official figures. The Word 'Punjab' means 'Five Rivers'. Rallia Ram of Lahore. [31] Likewise in Haryana, some of the Christians settled there are Punjabis and are also commonly referred to as the Isai. named for behairi [22] The Christians belonging to the lower-income strata of Pakistani society face a number of social and economic issues, such as bonded labour. There are small communities of Christians and Jains in some areas. Punjabis support all the forms of medical practice available in India, those of the three major Religious traditions, but the Punjabi versions Others live in slums (katchi abadis) located on government-owned land, to where they have shifted from Narowal, Shakargarh, Sheikhupura, Kasur, Faisalabad, Sahiwal and Sialkot in Punjab. and almost any start of a venture or stroke of good fortune is an crop) structures of a village are outlined in little oil lamps ( Hindus are found in all provinces of Pakistan but are mostly concentrated in Sindh . activities such as maintaining or rebuilding a local shrine or for [19], According to Selva J. Raj, the Punjabi Christian identity is an amalgamation of the Christian faith along with an ethnic affinity for the culture of Punjab, which includes the Punjabi language, Punjabi cuisine, the various customs and traditions of Punjab, and the way of life of the Punjabi people in general. as being 37 percent Hindu, 61 percent Sikh, 1 percent Muslim, and a [7] In the UK, Christian Punjabis are concentrated in the cities of London, Bedford, Birmingham, Coventry, Oxford and Wolverhampton among others. [39] [15] S. K. Datta of Lahore, who served as the principal of Forman Christian College in then colonial India, became the president of the All India Conference of Indian Christians, representing the Indian Christian community at the Second Round Table Conference, where he agreed with Mahatma Gandhi's views on minorities and Depressed Classes. An important sequence of annual rituals celebrates The rate of growth of Sikhs in the rest of India outside Punjab had remained fairly high even in 1991-2001, when their growth in Punjab had declined to only 14.29 percent. Since the last Sikh Guru enjoined his followers to leave [22][8][5][24][7] According to Dawn, compared to the more affluent Pakistani Christian communities of Anglo-Indians and Goan Catholics, who at the time of independence lived in the major cities, were proficient in English, and maintained upper-class British cultural mannerisms, the chuhras reflected the lower socioeconomic end of Pakistan; they were predominately labourers and peasants who were unskilled, did not own land, were neither highly educated or wealthy, and lived in the villages of central Punjab. Ceremonies. Census data on religious groups are frequently misunderstood and misquoted in the Indian media, particularly by writers and columnists advancing a particular point of view. [20], Some who have sought to resettle in the West have used Thailand, Sri Lanka and Malaysia as their first destinations, where they file an application with the UNHCR. [12] In the Gujranwala, Sialkot and Sheikhupura districts of the Punjab Province in colonial India, Christians came to constitute 7% of the total population. In the Sikh tradition, closely allied in Muslims form slight majority in the Malerkotla town and use Shahmukhi for communication purpose. [12] Continued evangelism efforts by Christian missionaries, especially those from the Church of Scotland and Church Missionary Society in India led to nearly half a million Punjabi Christians by the 1930s. Today, however, the majority religion of Punjab is Sikhism, which originated from the teachings of Nanak, the first Sikh Guru. Nankana Sahib district of Punjab is the birthplace of Sikh religion’s founder, so the Sikhs visit this place from all over the world. [25] Most of the 50,000 or so Christians in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa speak Punjabi, and had ancestors who settled in this area, but have gradually become Pashtunized over time due to cultural assimilation. [19], In the Islamabad Capital Territory, the Christian community dwells in large numbers in Francis Colony, a legally-recognised residential area situated in sector F-7. [12], The All India Conference of Indian Christians held its first meeting on 28 December 1914 and was led by Raja Sir Harnam Singh of Kapurthala, who was the president of the National Missionary Society (NMS); the first AICIC General Secretary was B.L. People following Islam religion makes up 2% of population in Punjab. The catalog contains the data related to number of hindu, sikh, muslim, christian and other religions population (rural and urban) in Punjab. While “Sikh” is a religion, “Punjabi” is a broader term used for all the people living in the Punjab region of both India and Pakistan irrespective of their religions. The main ones are [22] In rural Punjab, many Christians belong to the Dalit Christian community, specifically the chuhra community,[23] whose ancestors had converted to Christianity from Hinduism during the colonial era to escape a discriminatory caste system in which they were regarded untouchables. [7] In Azad Kashmir, there are close to 5,000 Punjabi Christians who live in the Bhimber, Mirpur, Muzaffarabad, Kotli, Poonch and Bagh districts. ", "Caste away: The ongoing struggle of Punjabi Christians", "When Christians were partitioned in the Punjab-IV", "The Plight of Minorities in 'Azad Kashmir, "Multi-tongued: Peshawar's happy Hindus and Sikhs", "India: Christians in shock after pastor shot dead in 'safe' Punjab", "Punjabi Christian community finally gets own church in Surrey", "Dubai's Pakistani Christians pray for Peshawar attack victims", "629 Pakistani Girls Trafficked to China as Brides", "Pakistani Christian girls trafficked to China as brides", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Punjabi_Christians&oldid=988747742, "Related ethnic groups" needing confirmation, Articles using infobox ethnic group with image parameters, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 November 2020, at 00:53. Of these, 450,344 were based in West Punjab and 60,955 were in East Punjab. This decline clearly predates the partition and even the idea of Pakistan. Punjab has the largest population of Sikhs in India and is the only state where Sikhs form a majority with 57.69% of the state population practising Sikhism. As per 2011 census Punjab Population Religion wise, Sikh is the main religion in Punjab with 16 million (57%), followed by Hindu with 10 million (38%), Muslims, Christians, Buddhists and Jains share less than 4% of the total Punjab population. People from different religions … Pakistani Punjab is about 97 percent [20] One of the most prominent early Punjabi Christians in the UK was Duleep Singh, who first landed in the country in 1854. Religious Demography of Punjab Sikhs and Hindus dominate the population of Punjab Sikhs and Hindus comprise an overwhelming majority of Punjab. The Ceremony of There are Muslim and Hindu Heer Ranjha, Sassi Punun, pragmatic. The next major religion in Punjab is Hindu religion, which is followed by the 38.49% of the total population. The literacy rate of the state is 75%, with male literacy is 80.23% and female literacy level is 68.36%. ) and people ask God for prosperity; and in midwinter there is a In the other states, Hindu majorities ranged from 56 percent in Kerala to 95 percent in Himachal Pradesh. Punjab means the land of five rivers as the word Punjab is made up of two words ‘Panj’+ ‘Aab’ where ‘Panj’ means five in Punjabi and ‘Aab’ mean rivers in Punjabi. About 93% of Hindus live in Sindh , 5% in Punjab and nearly 2% in Balochistan . Sikhism and Hinduism form the major religions of the state. [7] There have been concerns of irregular immigration among the community, to places such as China. another throughout the region. the successive roles a woman plays in her life. [7] After the partition of British India, most Punjabi Christians remained in place, with the majority finding themselves within the borders of Pakistan and the rest in independent India. [5] There continue to be several Christian-majority villages and settlements throughout Pakistani Punjab, such as Clarkabad and Martinpur. According to this data, the majority of population of Punjab belong to Sikh religion. village gate, pray to God for the health of the boys and more in the [17] Those Christians who were serving in official government positions and the civil service were given the choice of opting for either of the countries. Sikhism and Hinduism are the two major religions of Punjab. dance to architecture, bawdy folk epics to sublime theological poetry. Punjabi Christians are ethnic Punjabis who are followers of Christianity. District-wise Population by Religion in Punjab | Open Government Data Portal Punjab husband. karue “Punjabi” and “Sikh” are two different terms which often confuse people. Related to sikhism and Hinduism form the major religions of the total population of Punjab is diverse! 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